For a correct viewing of the tables below, we advise you to look at this page with a computer.

The coat color of horse

Basic coat colors, modifying the basic coat color and pattern

In the horse, there are three types of genes that will give the final color of the coat:

Basic coat colors, extension and agouti

The three basic colors in horses are black, bay and chestnut. These 3 basic colors are due to the interaction between two genes agouti and extension.

  • Negro. The black color is relatively rare. Most black horses become slightly brownish if they are exposed to the sun. There are two types of black : fading black and non-fading black. We do not know at the moment if the difference between these two colors black is due to genetics.
  • Bahía. The bay coat color is more common. The intensity of the brown varies from light brown to a very dark brown.
  • Castaño. Chesnut horse have a reddish body without black. Tail and manes are the same color as the body.
ExtensiónE/E o E/e
Negro
caballo negro
e/e
Castaño
Alezan caballo
AgoutiA/A o A/a
Bahía
caballo de Bahía
UN/A
Negro
caballo negro
A/A o A/a o a/a
Castaño
Alezan caballo

The genes that modify the basic coat color

Genimal Biotechnologies tests 6 others genes that can modify the horse coat color:

  • Cream. the cream is at the origin of many colored coats. The dilution of the color provided by the cream varies depending on whether the horse has a single cream allele or two cream alleles. If the horse has only one cream allele he can be buckskin, smoky black or palomino. If the horse has two cream alleles he can be perlino, smoky cream or cremello.
  • Plata. The Silver brings a silver dilution to both the body color and the horse’s manes. The Silver is especially at the origin of the chocolate coat color.
  • Champagne. The champagne creates a metallic gold coat color with mottled. The champagne is at the origin of the amber and gold coat color.
  • Pearl. Pearl color is rare and looks like a uniform apricot-like color. It is also called “barlink factor”.
  • Grey. The color grey is very common and develops with the age of the horse. The speed and intensity of graying depends on each horse. Some horse becomes almost entirely white.
ExtensiónE/E o E/e
Negro
caballo negro
e/e
Castaño
Alezan caballo
AgoutiA/A o A/a
Bahía
caballo de Bahía
UN/A
Negro
caballo negro
A/A o A/a o a/a
Castaño
Alezan caballo
CreamC/C
Bahía
caballo de Bahía
C/cr
Buckskin
buckskin horse
cr/cr
Perlino
perlino horse
C/C
Negro
caballo negro
C/cr
Smoky black
smoky black horse
cr/cr
Smoky cream
smoky cream horse
C/C
Castaño
Alezan caballo
C/cr
Palomino
palomino horse
cr/cr
Cremello
cremello horse
PlataZ/Z o Z/z
Bahía de plata
caballo de plata de la bahía
z/z
Bahía
caballo de Bahía
Z/Z o Z/z
Chocolate
caballo de chocolate
z/z
Negro
caballo negro
Z/Z o Z/z o z/z
Castaño
Alezan caballo
ChampagneCH/CH o CH/ch
Ámbar
caballo ámbar
ch/ch
Bahía
caballo de Bahía
CH/CH o CH/ch
marrón
caballo marrón
ch/ch
Negro
caballo negro
CH/CH o CH/ch
Oro
caballo de oro
ch/ch
Castaño
Alezan caballo
PearlPrl/Prl
diluir
Prl/prl
Bahía
caballo de Bahía
prl/prl
Bahía
caballo de Bahía
Prl/Prl
diluir
Prl/prl
Negro
caballo negro
prl/prl
Negro
caballo negro
Prl/Prl
Apricot
apricot horse
Prl/prl
Castaño
Alezan caballo
prl/prl
Castaño
Alezan caballo
GreyG/G or G/g
More and more gray white with age
caballo gris
g/g
Bahía
caballo de Bahía
G/G or G/g
More and more gray white with age
caballo gris
g/g
Negro
caballo negro
G/G or G/g
More and more gray white with age
caballo gris
g/g
Castaño
Alezan caballo

Patterns and markings of the coat

Markings and the Dun gene

The Dun is a dilution of the coat and is associated with primitive markings. The dun is characterized by dark stripe down the middle of the animal’s back, a darker tail and mane, as well as a darker face and legs.

Patterns

In the horse there is 3 types of patterns:

Difference between Overo, Tobiano and sabino1

ExtensiónE/E o E/e
Negro
caballo negro
e/e
Castaño
Alezan caballo
AgoutiA/A o A/a
Bahía
caballo de Bahía
UN/A
Negro
caballo negro
A/A o A/a o a/a
Castaño
Alezan caballo
Sabino de pieSB1/SB1
Casi blanco
caballo de sabino2
SB1/sb
Mucho blanco
caballo de Sabino
SB/sb
Bahía
caballo de Bahía
SB1/SB1
Casi blanco
caballo de sabino2
SB1/sb
Mucho blanco
caballo de Sabino
SB/sb
Negro
caballo negro
SB1/SB1
Casi blanco
caballo de sabino2
SB1/sb
Mucho blanco
caballo de Sabino
SB/sb
Castaño
Alezan caballo
Overo de pieOV/OV
Léthal
OV/o
Mucho blanco
caballo overo
o/o
Bahía
caballo de Bahía
OV/OV
Léthal
OV/o
Mucho blanco
caballo overo
o/o
Negro
caballo negro
OV/OV
Léthal
OV/o
Mucho blanco
caballo overo
o/o
Castaño
Alezan caballo
Pastel TobianoA/A
Mucho blanco
caballo Tobiano
A/A
Mucho blanco
caballo Tobiano
A/A
Bahía
caballo de Bahía
A/A
Mucho blanco
caballo Tobiano
A/A
Mucho blanco
caballo Tobiano
A/A
Negro
caballo negro
A/A
Mucho blanco
caballo Tobiano
A/A
Mucho blanco
caballo Tobiano
A/A
Castaño
Alezan caballo

Correspondence between the colors in American and in French

Coat color in AmericanCoat color in french
AmberAmbre
BayBai
BlackNoir
BrownBai brun foncé
BuckskinIsabelle
ChestnutAlezan
ChocolateChocolat
CremelloCrème
Dapple greyGris pommelé
Dark bayBai brun
Dark chestnutAlezan brûlé
DunIsabelle (isabelle sauvage)
FawnFauve
GoldDoré
Gold bayBai doré
Golden chestnutAlezan doré
GreyGris
GrulloGris souris
Light bayBai clair
Light chestnutAlezan clair
Liver chestnutAlezan brûlé
OveroPie overo
PalominoPalomino
PerlinoPerlino
PiePanaché
Red silverBai silver
Red taffyBai silver
RoanRouan
SabinoPie sabino
Sandy bayBai clair
Silver BayBai crins lavés
Slate greyGris tourterelle
Smoky blackBrun réglisse
Smoky cream
SorrelAlezan
TobianoPie tobiano
WhiteBlanc