What is Cat Genetic Identification ?
Genetic identification consists in characterizing a cat in a unique way thanks to its DNA. We detect 15 DNA fragment that are highly variable from one cat to another. These DNA fragments are called mikrosatelliitit. These microsatellites contain 2-7 base pair DNA sequences repeated a number of times. This number of repetitions provides a single fragment size.
Nämä mikrosatelliitit periytyvät vanhemmilta pennut mukaan Mendelian lait. Because of this, for a given microsatellite, each kitten will have a version inherited from the father and a version inherited from the mother.
What is the purpose of genetic identification?
Genetic identification is unique for each cat. Thus it allows :
- jotta todistaa isyyden of a kitten towards its parents. Indeed, by comparing the 15 microsatellites of a kitten and its parents we can thus prove that the kitten is or is not the kitten of these parents. If you need to prove paternity of a kitten towards one parent, you must order this test, and towards two parents, this test.
- jotta determine the results of genetic diseases, blood type and coat color in some cases. The genetic diseases like PKD, HCM, PKDef etc., kissan veriryhmä and cat coat color are inherited from parents to children in a Mendelian way. Therefore, in this context, it is sometimes possible to determine the results of these tests in kittens.
For example if both parents of your kittens are clear homozygote on the PKD DNA test, the kitten will necessarily be the same. As a result you only need to carry out a genetic identification of the kitten and a parentage towards both parents to prove it. This approach is economically attractive as soon as two tests are needed : genetic diseases, cat blood type or coat colors.
- jotta henkilöllisyyden kissa. We can perform a genetic identification on a lost or stolen cat and compare it to that provided by the owner to determine with certainty if this cat belongs to him.
- jotta have a permanent and unfalsifiable identification. A microchip that your cat is wearing can fails and becomes unable to be detected. Similarly, a microchip can be removed. In contrast, the genetic identification of the cat is verifiable throughout his life.
- artificial insemination of cats is in development. In this context, if you inseminate your cat, genetic identification is required.
Geneettisen tunnistamisen ajokokeen
GENIMAL performs part of this test with a partner laboratory.
We choose the best partner laboratory. It is recognized by :
- ISAG (International Society and the International Foundation for Animal Genetics)
It participates to all comparative quality tests performed every 2 years by ISAG.
It was scored 100% with the best rank (rank 1, out of 5).
This laboratory used the 15 ISAG makers to genotype cat and provides results of minimum 12 markers if some cannot be analyzed.
To performed the cat genetic identification, we use the following 15 markers :
FCA069, FCA075, FCA105, FCA149, FCA220, FCA229, FCA310, FCA441, FCA678, Amelogenin, FCA026, FCA201, FCA293, FCA453, FCA649.
Nämä merkit ovat täydennetty Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). Then the length of PCR fragments are determined by Kapillaari elektroforeesi.
Käytettävissä olevat rodut testiä varten: kissa geneettiseksi tunnistamiseksi
Seuraavat rodut tunnistetaan:
- American Curl
- American Shorthair
- American Wirehair
- Angora Turc
- Autre Race
- Bleu Russe
- Bobtail Americain
- Bobtail Des Kouriles
- Bobtail Japonais
- British Longhair
- British Shorthair
- Burmese Americain
- Burmese Anglais
- Californian Rex
- Californian Spangled
- Cornish Rex
- Devon Rex
- Exotic Shorthair
- German Rex
- Havana Brown
- Highland Fold
- Highland Straight
- 35 muita rotuja on saatavilla. Näytä kaikki nämä rodut.
Sertifikaatin esimerkki testiä varten: kissa geneettiseksi tunnistamiseksi
Avaa esimerkki sertifikaatti napsauttamalla sitä.
Lipinski MJ, Amigues Y, Blasi M, et al. An international parentage and identification panel for the domestic cat (Felis catus). Anim Genet. 2007;38(4):371-7.
Brooks A, Creighton EK, Gandolfi B, Khan R, Grahn RA, Lyons LA. SNP Miniplexes for Individual Identification of Random-Bred Domestic Cats. J Forensic Sci. 2016;61(3):594-606.