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The coat color of horse

Basic coat colors, modifying the basic coat color and pattern

In the horse, there are three types of genes that will give the final color of the coat:

Basic coat colors, extension and agouti

The three basic colors in horses are black, bay and chestnut. These 3 basic colors are due to the interaction between two genes agouti and extension.

  • black. The black color is relatively rare. Most black horses become slightly brownish if they are exposed to the sun. There are two types of black : fading black and non-fading black. We do not know at the moment if the difference between these two colors black is due to genetics.
  • Bay. The bay coat color is more common. The intensity of the brown varies from light brown to a very dark brown.
  • Chestnut. Chesnut horse have a reddish body without black. Tail and manes are the same color as the body.
LaajennusE/E or E/e
Black
musta hevonen
e/e
Chestnut
Alezan hevonen
AgoutiA/A or A/a
Bay
hevonen
A/A
Black
musta hevonen
A/A or A/a or a/a
Chestnut
Alezan hevonen

The genes that modify the basic coat color

Genimal Biotechnologies tests 6 others genes that can modify the horse coat color:

  • Cream. the cream is at the origin of many colored coats. The dilution of the color provided by the cream varies depending on whether the horse has a single cream allele or two cream alleles. If the horse has only one cream allele he can be buckskin, smoky black or palomino. If the horse has two cream alleles he can be perlino, smoky cream or cremello.
  • Silver. The Silver brings a silver dilution to both the body color and the horse’s manes. The Silver is especially at the origin of the chocolate coat color.
  • Champagne. The champagne creates a metallic gold coat color with mottled. The champagne is at the origin of the amber and gold coat color.
  • Pearl. Pearl color is rare and looks like a uniform apricot-like color. It is also called “barlink factor”.
  • Grey. The color grey is very common and develops with the age of the horse. The speed and intensity of graying depends on each horse. Some horse becomes almost entirely white.
LaajennusE/E or E/e
Black
musta hevonen
e/e
Chestnut
Alezan hevonen
AgoutiA/A or A/a
Bay
hevonen
A/A
Black
musta hevonen
A/A or A/a or a/a
Chestnut
Alezan hevonen
CreamC/C
Bay
hevonen
C/cr
Buckskin
buckskin horse
cr/cr
Perlino
perlino horse
C/C
Black
musta hevonen
C/cr
Smoky black
smoky black horse
cr/cr
Smoky cream
smoky cream horse
C/C
Chestnut
Alezan hevonen
C/cr
Palomino
palomino horse
cr/cr
Cremello
cremello horse
SilverZ/Z or Z/z
Silver bay
silver bay horse
z/z
Bay
hevonen
Z/Z or Z/z
Chocolate
chocolate horse
z/z
Black
musta hevonen
Z/Z or Z/z or z/z
Chestnut
Alezan hevonen
ChampagneCH/CH or CH/ch
Amber
amber horse
ch/ch
Bay
hevonen
CH/CH or CH/ch
Brown
brown horse
ch/ch
Black
musta hevonen
CH/CH or CH/ch
Gold
gold horse
ch/ch
Chestnut
Alezan hevonen
PearlPrl/Prl
Dilute
Prl/prl
Bay
hevonen
prl/prl
Bay
hevonen
Prl/Prl
Dilute
Prl/prl
Black
musta hevonen
prl/prl
Black
musta hevonen
Prl/Prl
Apricot
apricot horse
Prl/prl
Chestnut
Alezan hevonen
prl/prl
Chestnut
Alezan hevonen
GreyG/G or G/g
More and more gray white with age
grey horse
g/g
Bay
hevonen
G/G or G/g
More and more gray white with age
grey horse
g/g
Black
musta hevonen
G/G or G/g
More and more gray white with age
grey horse
g/g
Chestnut
Alezan hevonen

Patterns and markings of the coat

Markings and the Dun gene

The Dun is a dilution of the coat and is associated with primitive markings. The dun is characterized by dark stripe down the middle of the animal’s back, a darker tail and mane, as well as a darker face and legs.

Patterns

In the horse there is 3 types of patterns:

Difference between Overo, Tobiano and sabino1

LaajennusE/E or E/e
Black
musta hevonen
e/e
Chestnut
Alezan hevonen
AgoutiA/A or A/a
Bay
hevonen
A/A
Black
musta hevonen
A/A or A/a or a/a
Chestnut
Alezan hevonen
Pie SabinoSB1/SB1
Almost white
sabino2 hevonen
Sb1/sb
A lot of white
Sabino hevonen
SB/sb
Bay
hevonen
SB1/SB1
Almost white
sabino2 hevonen
Sb1/sb
A lot of white
Sabino hevonen
SB/sb
Black
musta hevonen
SB1/SB1
Almost white
sabino2 hevonen
Sb1/sb
A lot of white
Sabino hevonen
SB/sb
Chestnut
Alezan hevonen
Pie OveroOV/OV
Léthal
OV/o
A lot of white
Overo hevonen
o/o
Bay
hevonen
OV/OV
Léthal
OV/o
A lot of white
Overo hevonen
o/o
Black
musta hevonen
OV/OV
Léthal
OV/o
A lot of white
Overo hevonen
o/o
Chestnut
Alezan hevonen
Pie TobianoJOTTA JA
A lot of white
Tobiano hevonen
JOTTA JA
A lot of white
Tobiano hevonen
JOTTA JA
Bay
hevonen
JOTTA JA
A lot of white
Tobiano hevonen
JOTTA JA
A lot of white
Tobiano hevonen
JOTTA JA
Black
musta hevonen
JOTTA JA
A lot of white
Tobiano hevonen
JOTTA JA
A lot of white
Tobiano hevonen
JOTTA JA
Chestnut
Alezan hevonen

Correspondence between the colors in American and in French

Coat color in AmericanCoat color in french
AmberAmbre
BayBai
BlackNoir
BrownBai brun foncé
BuckskinIsabelle
ChestnutAlezan
ChocolateChocolat
CremelloCrème
Dapple greyGris pommelé
Dark bayBai brun
Dark chestnutAlezan brûlé
DunIsabelle (isabelle sauvage)
FawnFauve
GoldDoré
Gold bayBai doré
Golden chestnutAlezan doré
GreyGris
GrulloGris souris
Light bayBai clair
Light chestnutAlezan clair
Liver chestnutAlezan brûlé
OveroPie overo
PalominoPalomino
PerlinoPerlino
PiePanaché
Red silverBai silver
Red taffyBai silver
RoanRouan
SabinoPie sabino
Sandy bayBai clair
Silver BayBai crins lavés
Slate greyGris tourterelle
Smoky blackBrun réglisse
Smoky cream
SorrelAlezan
TobianoPie tobiano
WhiteBlanc