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The coat color of horse

Basic coat colors, modifying the basic coat color and pattern

In the horse, there are three types of genes that will give the final color of the coat:

Basic coat colors, extension and agouti

The three basic colors in horses are black, bay and chestnut. These 3 basic colors are due to the interaction between two genes agouti and extension.

  • Nero. The black color is relatively rare. Most black horses become slightly brownish if they are exposed to the sun. There are two types of black : fading black and non-fading black. We do not know at the moment if the difference between these two colors black is due to genetics.
  • Baia. The bay coat color is more common. The intensity of the brown varies from light brown to a very dark brown.
  • castagna. Chesnut horse have a reddish body without black. Tail and manes are the same color as the body.
EstensioneE/E o E/e
Nero
cavallo nero
e/e
castagna
Alezan cavallo
AgoutiA/A o A/A
Baia
cavallo di Baia
UN/A
Nero
cavallo nero
A/A o A/A o a/a
castagna
Alezan cavallo

The genes that modify the basic coat color

Genimal Biotechnologies tests 6 others genes that can modify the horse coat color:

  • Cream. the cream is at the origin of many colored coats. The dilution of the color provided by the cream varies depending on whether the horse has a single cream allele or two cream alleles. If the horse has only one cream allele he can be buckskin, smoky black or palomino. If the horse has two cream alleles he can be perlino, smoky cream or cremello.
  • Silver. The Silver brings a silver dilution to both the body color and the horse’s manes. The Silver is especially at the origin of the chocolate coat color.
  • Champagne. The champagne creates a metallic gold coat color with mottled. The champagne is at the origin of the amber and gold coat color.
  • Pearl. Pearl color is rare and looks like a uniform apricot-like color. It is also called “barlink factor”.
  • grigio. The color grey is very common and develops with the age of the horse. The speed and intensity of graying depends on each horse. Some horse becomes almost entirely white.
EstensioneE/E o E/e
Nero
cavallo nero
e/e
castagna
Alezan cavallo
AgoutiA/A o A/A
Baia
cavallo di Baia
UN/A
Nero
cavallo nero
A/A o A/A o a/a
castagna
Alezan cavallo
CreamC/C
Baia
cavallo di Baia
C/cr
Buckskin
buckskin horse
cr/cr
Perlino
perlino horse
C/C
Nero
cavallo nero
C/cr
Smoky black
smoky black horse
cr/cr
Smoky cream
smoky cream horse
C/C
castagna
Alezan cavallo
C/cr
Palomino
palomino horse
cr/cr
Cremello
cremello horse
SilverZ/Z or Z/z
Silver bay
silver bay horse
z/z
Baia
cavallo di Baia
Z/Z or Z/z
Cioccolato
chocolate horse
z/z
Nero
cavallo nero
Z/Z or Z/z or z/z
castagna
Alezan cavallo
ChampagneCH/CH or CH/ch
Amber
amber horse
ch/ch
Baia
cavallo di Baia
CH/CH or CH/ch
marrone
brown horse
ch/ch
Nero
cavallo nero
CH/CH or CH/ch
Gold
gold horse
ch/ch
castagna
Alezan cavallo
PearlPrl/Prl
diluire
Prl/prl
Baia
cavallo di Baia
prl/prl
Baia
cavallo di Baia
Prl/Prl
diluire
Prl/prl
Nero
cavallo nero
prl/prl
Nero
cavallo nero
Prl/Prl
Apricot
apricot horse
Prl/prl
castagna
Alezan cavallo
prl/prl
castagna
Alezan cavallo
grigioG/G o G/g
Sempre più grigio bianco con l'età
cavallo grigio
g/g
Baia
cavallo di Baia
G/G o G/g
Sempre più grigio bianco con l'età
cavallo grigio
g/g
Nero
cavallo nero
G/G o G/g
Sempre più grigio bianco con l'età
cavallo grigio
g/g
castagna
Alezan cavallo

Patterns and markings of the coat

Markings and the Dun gene

The Dun is a dilution of the coat and is associated with primitive markings. The dun is characterized by dark stripe down the middle of the animal’s back, a darker tail and mane, as well as a darker face and legs.

Patterns

In the horse there is 3 types of patterns:

Difference between Overo, Tobiano and sabino1

EstensioneE/E o E/e
Nero
cavallo nero
e/e
castagna
Alezan cavallo
AgoutiA/A o A/A
Baia
cavallo di Baia
UN/A
Nero
cavallo nero
A/A o A/A o a/a
castagna
Alezan cavallo
Torta SabinoSB1/SB1
Almost white
sabino2 cavallo
SB1/sb
A lot of white
cavallo di sabino
SB/sb
Baia
cavallo di Baia
SB1/SB1
Almost white
sabino2 cavallo
SB1/sb
A lot of white
cavallo di sabino
SB/sb
Nero
cavallo nero
SB1/SB1
Almost white
sabino2 cavallo
SB1/sb
A lot of white
cavallo di sabino
SB/sb
castagna
Alezan cavallo
Torta OveroOV/OV
Léthal
OV/o
A lot of white
Overo cavallo
o/o
Baia
cavallo di Baia
OV/OV
Léthal
OV/o
A lot of white
Overo cavallo
o/o
Nero
cavallo nero
OV/OV
Léthal
OV/o
A lot of white
Overo cavallo
o/o
castagna
Alezan cavallo
Torta Tobianoa/a
A lot of white
Tobiano cavallo
a/a
A lot of white
Tobiano cavallo
a/a
Baia
cavallo di Baia
a/a
A lot of white
Tobiano cavallo
a/a
A lot of white
Tobiano cavallo
a/a
Nero
cavallo nero
a/a
A lot of white
Tobiano cavallo
a/a
A lot of white
Tobiano cavallo
a/a
castagna
Alezan cavallo

Correspondence between the colors in American and in French

Coat color in AmericanCoat color in french
AmberAmbre
BayBai
BlackNoir
BrownBai brun foncé
BuckskinIsabelle
ChestnutAlezan
ChocolateChocolat
CremelloCrème
Dapple greyGris pommelé
Dark bayBai brun
Dark chestnutAlezan brûlé
DunIsabelle (isabelle sauvage)
FawnFauve
GoldDoré
Gold bayBai doré
Golden chestnutAlezan doré
GreyGris
GrulloGris souris
Light bayBai clair
Light chestnutAlezan clair
Liver chestnutAlezan brûlé
OveroPie overo
PalominoPalomino
PerlinoPerlino
PiePanaché
Red silverBai silver
Red taffyBai silver
RoanRouan
SabinoPie sabino
Sandy bayBai clair
Silver BayBai crins lavés
Slate greyGris tourterelle
Smoky blackBrun réglisse
Smoky cream
SorrelAlezan
TobianoPie tobiano
WhiteBlanc